There are a lot of documents about HTML on the WWW available. Therefore I will give only some basic information and some simple examples for giving you a quick start on writing HTML-documents yourself. There is already a quick start document in german by Helga Schwendicke. Those of you wich are already acquainted with HTML and are searching more information can refer to the following documents:
<HTML> <HEADER> <TITLE> First Example </TITLE> </HEADER> <BODY> This is a text, it is the text of the first example of this HTML description. <ADDRESS> Jan-19-95 Peter J. Weyers </ADDRESS> </BODY> </HTML>If you want to have a look at the output, select this. If you are using Mosaic, you should first
Clonea window and then click on the link, because then you can look at this document and the output of this examples at once.
Now, lets discuss the code. First of all, you will notice, that there
are many words enclosed by angle-brackets "<" and ">". These are
the commands of HTML. They are called "tags". There are pairs of tags,
wich differ only by a slash as the first character of the second tag.
These are beginning and end of "Elements" of the document, wich can be
nested. E.g. the first tag is
<HTML> and the last
</HTML> wich means, that the element contained
between these tags is a HTML-Document. As you see, the document is
made of two major elements:
The text wich is contained in the BODY element of the document is
formated by the respective browser. This means on the one hand, that
you do not know, when writing a document, how it might look like on some
browsers and on the other hand that e.g. it does not matter if there is
one space, several spaces or one or several linebreaks between two
words, all this will be treated the same way. You may be used to the
last if you are used to (La)TeX, but an empty line does not mean a new
paragraph for HTML as for (La)TeX.
As there are some special characters for HTML, they have to be described
in some way, if you want them to show up in the document. The "<"
and ">" characters can be described e.g. by
> respectivly. Therefor "&" is again a special
character wich can be described by
The address should be given in any case as this is part of the
"netiquette", the etiquette wich serves for some rules in the otherwise
anarchic internet. It is recommended to include ones email address here
(hence the tag-name "ADDRESS") or a link to a personal homepage, wich
should contain the email address as well.
How to use an already existing ASCII text?
By now, you should be able to prepare a simple text for being included
in our WWW-server. You might have some ASCII-Text, like minutes, wich
you would like to be included in the WWW. Therfore it may be
conveniant to keep the linebreaks, the empty lines, the indentations
etc. as it is without writing an entirely new document for the
WWW. You can achieve this by including your ASCII-Text between the
<PRE>" and "
mean PREformatted. Althougt the special characters may show up as you
want them to do, you should replace them as explained above for not
getting unwanted results. Thera are two more elements wich may even
be of interest, if you only include "ASCII-texts" into WWW:
<Hn> This ist the Headerline </Hn>where n is a number from 1 (biggest headerline) to 6 (smallest headerline). Look at the primer by H. Schwendicke for an example of the output.
<HR>, obviously, there is